The Structural Engineer > Archive > Volume 44 (1966) > Issues > Issue 4 > Shutter Ties in Unlined in Concrete Water-Retaining Structures
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Shutter Ties in Unlined in Concrete Water-Retaining Structures

Although acceptable in most construction, the presence of shutter ties in unlined concrete water-retaining structures may form a potential source of leakage. This paper describes work undertaken to determine whether such leakage could occur and, if so, its practical importance and the factors influencing it. P. Jackson

Author(s): Jackson, P

Keywords: tanks;reinforced concrete;leaks;formwork