The Structural Engineer > Archive > Volume 79 (2001) > Issues > Issue 3 > Second-Order Analysis of Building and Industrial Structures
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Second-Order Analysis of Building and Industrial Structures

Axial loads acting through lateral displacements of building and industrial structures cause additional displacements and forces. These effects commonly known as second-order effects, or alternatively as P-Delta effects, can produce significant loads and deformations that need to be considered in the design of building structures as specified by most modern building codes. This article discusses the analytical and design issues involved in second-order analysis of buildings under static and dynamic loads, with particular emphasis on the application of computer based tools. Dr S.K. Kassegne, Leandro L. Buriek and Andrew Miller