26 September 2012
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The construction of the Northern Ticket Hall (NTH) formed part of the overall redevelopment of London Underground’s King’s Cross/St Pancras station. A static tower crane was required to service the largely top down construction works. Due to the limited access and particular site constraints, the tower crane had to be located within the area to be excavated. To address the specific site requirements, an innovative foundation was developed comprising a single large diameter (2.1m) steel tubular mono-pile installed from the existing ground level and founded principally into the underlying London Clay. As the steel tube would be eventually exposed down to the underside of the ticket hall base slab, the pile was designed as a free-standing cantilever with limited allowable movements that would meet the crane’s safe operating requirements. This paper describes the geotechnical and structural design challenges of an unusual tower crane foundation, as well as the particular construction and operational requirements.
Once the concept and scheme for a structure has been settled upon, the initial sizing of the elements that it is made up of commences. This Technical Guidance Note provides a set of hints as to how to initially size elements, prior to carrying out the detailed design. This process allows the engineer to gain an appreciation of the form of the structure and the changes that may be required if element sizes prove to be too onerous following this size estimation process. Access more Technical Guidance Notes through our series homepage .
When trying to understand whether a material is hazardous we need to understand what it can do to the health of humans and under what circumstances. This path of discovery will continue as we gain a greater understanding of developing innovative products.