26 October 2012
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When designing foundations for a structure there is a need to determine the bearing capacity of the soil. This applies to all forms of foundation, from a simple pad footing to a pile cap. The bearing stress capacity of the soil is the key variable that has a direct impact on the form and size of foundations. This Technical Guidance Note explains the principles of how bearing capacity of soils are determined and how it impacts on the design of foundations.
The development of gas fields in a highly seismic zone in the Caspian Sea required an innovative offshore platform. Arup were the detailed designers of a self-installing gravity based structure (GBS) to meet this demand – the first such platform to be commissioned in the region. Arup became involved after an elastic analysis based prescriptive design approach predicted the platform to have inadequate capacity to withstand signifiant seismic events. The Arup team adopted a performance based approach, in combination with advanced non-linear analyses, to demonstrate the suitability of the design for use in this location. Non-linear time history soil-structure interaction finie element analyses were used to demonstrate that the GBS platform satisfied the peformance requirements of ISO 19901-21. In addition, the performance based approach provided the client with an improved understanding of the likely response of the structure to a real earthquake and a greater ability to manage the risks associated with the facility.
All articles published in the November 2012 issue. (NB Technical Guidance Note Level 1, No. 18 contained within this issue was updated in October 2016. For the updated article, see the individual article entry for this issue.)