Author: The Institution of Structural Engineers
1 August 2013
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The Institution of Structural Engineers
The purpose of a pad foundation is to spread a concentrated force into soil. They are one of the most simple and cost effective types of footing for structures, and are the preferred solution for foundations due to the straightforward nature of their design and construction. Updated in October 2016.
Once the concept and scheme design has been determined, initial sizing of elements commences. This note shows how to size elements, prior to detailed design. This process allows the engineer to gain an appreciation of structural form.
The three forms of masonry are brick, concrete block and stone. This note introduces the first two as they are the most common. Used as a form of cladding - at least for concrete and steel-framed structures in the UK - loadbearing structural masonry is still in use, and employed in the construction of low-rise buildings and soil-retaining structures.