Author: The Institution of Structural Engineers
1 January 2014
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The Institution of Structural Engineers
There are three different forms of this type of wall, all of which are designed to resist overturning and sliding failure. The primary difference between them is their height. The taller the retaining wall, the more likely that counterforts and beams spanning between them will be necessary. This note describes how all of these forms of retaining wall can be designed.
(This article was updated in October 2016 to reflect errata issued since its original publication.)
This note concerns the design of masonry walls subject to lateral loads (i.e. those used as a cladding element). It discusses material assessment, restraint, geometry and exposure conditions. Updated in October 2016.
Portal frames are a simple and very common type of framed (or skeleton) structure. Steel portal frames, in particular, are a cost-effective structural system to support building envelopes requiring large column-free spaces.
This note describes how steel fibre reinforced concrete groundbearing slabs are designed.