Author: The Institution of Structural Engineers
1 April 2014
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The Institution of Structural Engineers
This note concerns the design of masonry walls subject to lateral loads (i.e. those used as a cladding element). It discusses material assessment, restraint, geometry and exposure conditions. Updated in October 2016.
There are three different forms of this type of wall, all of which are designed to resist overturning and sliding failure. The primary difference between them is their height. The taller the retaining wall, the more likely that counterforts and beams spanning between them will be necessary. Updated in October 2016.
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