Author: T. Ji
1st August 2016
First published: 1st August 2016
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In this winning entry to the Institution’s 2016 Excellence in Structural Engineering Education Award, Tim Stratford describes the changes that the University of Edinburgh’s School of Engineering has made to its civil engineering degree programmes in order to put creative design at the heart of the learning process.
The article discusses the motivation for these changes, the steps that have been taken to create a “design thread” for students, the results that have been achieved, future challenges relating to digital engineering, and learning points which will help other universities wishing to set out on a similar path.
All the articles published in the August 2016 issue.
The use of glass in buildings is very common and increasing as designers look to utilise its transparent properties. There are four main types: annealed, toughened, laminated and heat-strengthened. (These terms may vary in different countries, e.g. in North America “tempered” is used for glass with any form of heat strengthening, including toughened.) There are particular safety hazards associated with glass and these need to be a consideration in selection of type.
Normal glass breaks into shards, with obvious dangers. Laminated glass will also break, but the shards are held in place by the inner plastic layer. Toughened glass, too, will break, but it shatters into small pieces; hence its use in car windscreens.
This note focuses on a particular issue with toughened glass.