Beijing Daxing International Airport Terminal

Structural Designer

Beijing Institute of Architectural Design

Client Name

Beijing New Airport Construction Headquarter

Location

Beijing, China

ARCHITECT
Aeroports de Paris Ingenierie & Zaha Hadid Architects & Beijing Institute of Architectural Design Co. Ltd & China Airport Construction Group Corporation 

PRINCIPAL CONTRACTOR
Beijing Urban Construction Group Co., Ltd & Beijing Construction Engineering Group

WIND TUNNEL AND VIBRATION CONSULTANT
China Academy of Building Research 

PEER ASSESSMENT
ARUP

STEEL CONTRACTOR
Jiangsu Huning Steel Structure And Machinery Co., Ltd. 

STEEL CONTRACTOR
JINGGONG Steel Building Group

 

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

A project to create the world’s largest airport terminal. A series of key technologies were proposed during the design to realise a fantastic architectural effect. These included a supporting system mainly composed of C-shaped columns, seismic-isolation system of a gigantic planar structure, and vibration control techniques for the high-speed railway passing through the terminal.
 

Submitted in 2020

Judge's comment:

The challenging structural design of this terminal megastructure required careful consideration of the unique architectural shape, the vast building dimensions, the impact of the high-speed railway passing through and its location in a high-intensity seismic zone.

The project demonstrates very large and complex forms.  An arch-shell structural system was used for the free-form roof of the centre zone. Eight C-shape supporting columns provide the primary support and are organically integrated with the roof structure. 

To ensure the terminal building would remain operational and structurally safe under a severe earthquake, a seismic isolation system uniting both base and interlayer isolation technology is employed. This outstanding feature means the terminal is the world’s largest seismic isolated building, setting a new benchmark for seismic isolation technology. 

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