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The purpose of this paper is a contribution to our Institution of actual experience in the design and construction of an all-welded steel structure of the multiple-storied type. No attempt is made to deal with the technique of electric arc welding as this subject is amply covered elsewhere. The various stages of the work are given in sequence, and are classified under the following sections :-
(l ) Description of Building.
(2) Drawing Office-Design Detail and
(3) Fabrication in workshop.
(4) Erection at Site.
(5) Conclusions from experience gained.
THE authority and liability of the engineer under contract with his employer depends
upon the terms of the contract, which of course may vary considerably in accordance with the work undertaken and the services required. An engineer should then be careful
in each case to act within the terms of his contract. His general duties as a specialist are well known to him, and if he is negligent in the discharge of any of those duties, he is of course liable to an action for negligence, namely, if there has been on his part a want of reasonable care and skill. But where by the terms of the contract between the engineer's employer and the builder, he is to act as arbritrator
or quasi arbitrator, which is to my mind a meaningless phrase which has unfortunately been used in certain judgments, he is not liable for negligence when giving such decision in his capacity as arbitrator under the terms of the contract. Though an engineer may be the agent of his employer for the purpose of obtaining tenders as well as making drawings for and superintending works, he has no authority to warrant to the builder that they are correct any more than he has, without the express authority of the owner, any right to accept a tender, and if he in any way exceeds his authority he is liable for an action for breach of warranty of authority. In any case where the engineer enters into any contract on behalf of his employer, and the employer disputes his authority it will in such a case depend upon whether the engineer was the agent of his employer for that purpose, or whether his employer held him out as having such authority. In contracts of considerable magnitude a resident engineer is sometimes appointed, in particular when the contract is in relation to work abroad. It has been held that where the resident engineer was not the mere servant or agent of the employer, but in an independent position, the employers were not liable for his negligence. This case was decided in the year 1891, but in my opinion, this would not be so if it could be shown that the resident engineer was the agent of the employer. An engineer is liable for the negligence of any person he employs and engages on the work, but he cannot delegate his duties to another. There is no contractual relation
between the engineer and the contractor, but if he acted fraudulently, he would be liable to his employer and the contractor. The principal would also be liable for the fraud of his agent, if the fraud is committed in the conduct of the business of the employer, which he would have a right to conduct honestly. A specialist is sometimes employed, such as an engineer, either by the contractor or an architect. In such a case the engineer could not sue the building owner in respect of his fees for work done as there is no privity of contract between himself and the building owner. This
has been decided by the House of Lords in the case of Hampton v. Glamorgan C. Council
in 1917, A.C.13. It is therefore advisab
Gentlemen,-On this, the first ordinary general meeting of your Institution at which I have the honour to serve as your President, I desire firstly to thank you for the honour you have given me in making me, for one year, your President, and secondly to say how sensible I am of my inadequacy to fulfil the duties which devolve upon me. However, I promise you I shall do my best to serve and shaall appreciate all the help which is available from every quarter.