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An hydraulic lime is one which will set and harden under water. This property is common to several well-known materials used for constructional purposes, notably Portland cement. The power of setting and hardening under water in the case of hydraulic lime is due to the formation during the burning of the lime of certain chemical compounds of silica, alumina and lime, of which tri-calcic silicate (3CaO.Si02) is the chief. Other compounds such as di-calcic aluminate (2Ca0.A1203) and certain ferrites of limes are also formed, but these act only as fluxes and aid in the combination of lime and silica, and in themselves do not increase the hydraulic properties of the lime. Henry Pooley, Junr.
A reply to J. Singleton-Green, Esq., B.SC., A.M.I.Struct.E. Sir,-If the discussion in your paper upon Concrete Roads is to be continued for the benefit of those really interested in this important branch of engineering it appears necessary to focus it upon those lines which lead to useful information.
0NE of the problems of civilisation to-day is the prevention of waste, and most countries of the world, if they adopted scientific methods, could live on what they throw away. One good example of this is the fact that millions of tons of ash and clinker, from steam boiler, destructor and other furnaces, for example, together with blast furnace slag, are wasted every year, whereas all this material could be converted, at a handsome profit, into high grade bricks. A Correspondent