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ALTHOUGH the subject of The Education has been discussed for many years at such length that some people are tired of it, we must go on with it because it is vitally important, and because there are still differences of opinion that must be realised before we can hope adequately to deal with the problem.
Ewart S. Andrews
Sir,-Mr. Arthur E. Pierce objects to the word " discarded " as used in my article, but
his objection is not relevant.
BEET sugar manufacture, the younger competitor of the cane sugar industry, had its birth in 1747, when a German chemist drew attention to the sugar content of the beetroot, but it was not until 1799 that a method of extracting sugar from the beet was invented. Shortly afterwards, a factory was erected in Silicia under the patronage of the King of Prussia, who partly financed the undertaking as an encouragement to German agriculture. Numbers of other factories rapidly sprang up in Prussia and Bohemia, and in 1811 the industry was introduced to France by the Emperor Napoleon, who desired to make France independent of outside sugar supplies. Although the industry was at first a purely military measure, and therefore declined when peace once more settled over Europe, it had as rapid revival about 1830, when European farmers realised the advantages of beetroot cultivation, and offered the sugar factories supplies of roots at low prices, and the growing of beetroots and the manufacture of beet sugar spread rapidly throughout Europe.