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THE APPOINTMENT of overseas representatives came about as a result of the increasing
interest shown in the Institution and the rapidly growing number of applications for membership from various parts of the world. Local representatives were first appointed in India in 1932 ; other appointments followed as the need arose and within twenty-five years the Institution had representatives in Australia, British West Indies, Canada, Ceylon, East Africa, Hong Kong, India, Israel, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rhodesia and Nyasaland and Singapore.
THERE IS A sense in which it may be said that the virility of a scientific society can be measured by the extent and number of the awards and prizes which it offers. Competition is the very essence of progress and competition is measured satisfactorily
by the award of prizes of varying kinds.
ALUMINIUM owes its early development as a structural material to the aircraft industry, a field in which the low density of the material is a factor of paramount importance, outweighing its high initial cost. Its applications in other branches of
structural engineering (specialist or experimental at first) began only about twenty five years ago, and progress was slow until the end of the last war when appreciation of the results of wartime research and development and the influence of the post-war shortage of steel led to a new interest in aluminium. During the last ten years an increasing number of light alloy structures have been built and while aluminium has been found to be a true economic solution in several specialist cases, it has been used as an interesting and novel solution in others. Research andevelopment have continued, and today aluminium alloys are available with properties appropriate to structural uses and are obtained in a wide range of sections, plates, sheets, etc.