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BUILDING FUND. Sir,-I beg to enclose cheque. . . . I feel sure yod should meet with a very ready response from ever member. The scheme is a highly excellent one. Might I also say in passing how greatly the work of the Institution is appreciated through the length and breadth of the land. Coming in touch, as I do, with some of the largest engineering works in various parts of Great Britain frequently each year, meeting in the course of my daily labours most of the Municipal engineers and public works Contractors in this country, I have an exceptional opportunity of learning the general opinions of the Building and Civil Engineering World; and wherever I go at every point of the compass, the recent growth and active policy of the Institution is commented upon with both surprise and pleasure. More especially is this so with the rising generation of those engaged in structural work -the young are always for progress. The activities of our Council and Committees with regard to Registration and admission by examination seem to have created widespread interest and gratification in particular, and if only I could voice the various expressions which have been made to me not only by members, but by the general public, I feel sure those gentlemen who have given their services so generously in the different offices, and the hard-working official staff, would feel in some small measure repaid for their labours. If you deem fit, you are at liberty to publish this letter.-Yours, &C., R. D’ARCY SWAINSON
The prevention of dampness in buildings requires a study of all the phenomena produced by the invasion of moisture, either as liquid or vapour, into the filling and binding materials of tlhe walls; of the physical changes that cause or modify the results; of the remedies that have been applied in the present and in the past; of the causes that prevent these remedies from being effective; and of new procesees conforming to natural laws that enable the structural and sanitary conditions of houses and buildings to be conserved with certainty. A. Knapen
IN a previous article of this series I divided industrial buildings into four main elements - the factory block, the industrial hall, the factory stack, and the “unconditioned aggregate.” Before examining the last three elements, I propose to discuss in greater detail the factory block so that its formal qualities may become apparent. All the illustrations here shown are thumbnail sketches of actual structures designed presumably by hardheaded and practical men, so whatever artistic merit such structures may possess, this represents a quite reasonable expression of the aesthetic instinct and is not due to any unjustifiable flights of artistic imagination. It is important that in this argument we should, as it were, keep “close to earth” and never seek to escape from the dominion of reason and necessity, bearing in mind, of course, that besides practical and utilitarian reason there is such a thing as aesthetic reason. A. Trystan Edwards