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The large cooling towers being built today are quite exceptional structures being, in proportion, considerably thinner than an egg shell but approaching 200m in height and lOOm in diameter. Practice has outstripped both theory and research and there are wide national differences in approach. The relevant design parameters are reviewed, namely, wind pressure, including wind induced vibrations, thermal gradient, self-weight and moments in the shell. Comparative calculations were carried out varying the value of one parameter at a time and considering the effect on concrete and steel stresses. The influence of the modulus of elasticity used in calculations of thermal effects is discussed and illustrated.
M. Diver and A.C. Paterson
The need for experimental work in connection with lateral loading has been explained in Part 1. There is no less a need for a suitable design method based on experiment and, where possible, experience, that can be used in the limit state revision of CP lll . Part II discusses the possible design approaches that could make use of the data now available.
B.A. Haseltine, H.W.H. West and J.N. Tutt
Mr. Barron: The authors say that the terms of the contract should conveniently be those of a building contract which would be most appropriate for the much more costly superstructure. They actually used the RIBA conditions, more usually referred to as the JCT standard form. They could have also or alternatively used the ICE conditions modified for work with high architectural content. Did the JCT form prove to be as convenient as expected?