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A distinction is drawn between the assessment of a building which shows evidence of inadequacy and one in which a change of use is intended. Matters are suggested which should be considered in an investigation and comment is offered on where load testing may be inappropriate. Attention is drawn to the distincfion between the design of a new building and the assessment for strength of an existing one and to the need to be satisfied on adequacy for purpose rather than to conformity Codes. Finally importance is placed on the need for engineering judgement to give due weight to significant but not readily quantified factors. D.F. Evans
Training and early experience of a structural engineer may sometimes be confined to teamwork on major works in order to derive maximum benefit from his acquisition of knowledge of engineering and scientific principles. This paper attempts to give advice that should help an engineer when first confronted with problems related to domestic conversions which are not dealt with in standard textbooks. In these circumstances improvisation, commonsense and a basic knowledge of building construction are more valuable than a depth of knowledge of sophisticated theorems. The paper intends to describe some legal implications in addition to advice on exploration of existing work and design and detailing of proposed alterations. R. Martin Silber
Every new building, especially in an urban situation, relates to older ones, as well as to its site and sub-soil. Recent buildings in Winchester designed as offices for the County of Hampshire, have successfully incorporated existing structures, gaining variety within themselves and acknowledging and 'stitching in with' the sensitive urban fabric of the City. The method of architectural analysis, and the structural solutions adopted in this exercise, may help to illustrate some of the essential problems and opportunities inherent in the work of marrying new and older buildings. Donald W. Insall