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Training and early experience of a structural engineer may sometimes be confined to teamwork on major works in order to derive maximum benefit from his acquisition of knowledge of engineering and scientific principles. This paper attempts to give advice that should help an engineer when first confronted with problems related to domestic conversions which are not dealt with in standard textbooks. In these circumstances improvisation, commonsense and a basic knowledge of building construction are more valuable than a depth of knowledge of sophisticated theorems. The paper intends to describe some legal implications in addition to advice on exploration of existing work and design and detailing of proposed alterations.
R. Martin Silber
A distinction is drawn between the assessment of a building which shows evidence of inadequacy and one in which a change of use is intended. Matters are suggested which should be considered in an investigation and comment is offered on where load testing may be inappropriate. Attention is drawn to the distincfion between the design of a new building and the assessment for strength of an existing one and to the need to be
satisfied on adequacy for purpose rather than to conformity Codes. Finally importance is placed on the need for engineering judgement to give due weight to significant but not readily quantified factors.
In this paper the author describes the development of a scheme to provide additional exhibition space at the Science Museum, South Kensington, London. The initial brief is discussed and the factors affecting the final design are illustrated. The special relationship between the engineer and architect is emphasised and attention is drawn to the particular construction problems encountered in alteration and rehabilitation schemes.
Ralph L. Mills