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Training and early experience of a structural engineer may sometimes be confined to teamwork on major works in order to derive maximum benefit from his acquisition of knowledge of engineering and scientific principles. This paper attempts to give advice that should help an engineer when first confronted with problems related to domestic conversions which are not dealt with in standard textbooks. In these circumstances improvisation, commonsense and a basic knowledge of building construction are more valuable than a depth of knowledge of sophisticated theorems. The paper intends to describe some legal implications in addition to advice on exploration of existing work and design and detailing of proposed alterations. R. Martin Silber
This paper examines in general and critical terms the standards required and achievable in the rehabilitation of old buildings in the context of present political and economic policies. It looks at the requirements of Statutory Regulations, in particular those concerned with fire protection, thermal and acoustic insulation, and illustrates some of the problems in achieving acceptable standards by examining the requirements for a possible new system of lightweight concrete flooring which might be of use in rehabilitation work. Geoffrey Spyer
Every new building, especially in an urban situation, relates to older ones, as well as to its site and sub-soil. Recent buildings in Winchester designed as offices for the County of Hampshire, have successfully incorporated existing structures, gaining variety within themselves and acknowledging and 'stitching in with' the sensitive urban fabric of the City. The method of architectural analysis, and the structural solutions adopted in this exercise, may help to illustrate some of the essential problems and opportunities inherent in the work of marrying new and older buildings. Donald W. Insall