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The design and reconstruction of the dome of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is discussed. Fire and earthquakes had caused progressive deterioration since 1927, to the 100-year-old structure. It was originally built by the Russians, using prefabricated wrought-iron arches which supported inner and outer mortar shells, the latter being lead covered. I.H. Reith
Following Court decisions in a number of recent cases-notably Anns v. London Borough of Merton-the period of time during which a chartered structural engineer could find himself answerable in tort on a charge of negligence appears to have been stretched to infinity. Although this ‘beyond the grave’ responsibility has not been tested, there can be no doubt that the current state of the law in this respect is, to say the least, uncertain.
Where building takes place on sites covered by substantial depths of waste material, geotechnical problems may arise and are likely to be associated with long-term settlement of the fill. The loadcarrying properties of the different types of fill that form such waste deposits vary greatly and thorough investigation is needed, preferably including a programme of field tests. Where the loadcarrying characteristics of a waste fill are found to be poor, the use of an appropriate ground improvement technique, prior to construction on the site, may form an economic solution to foundation problems. J.A. Charles and Professor J.B. Burland