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The structural behaviour of multibay, open sandwich, reinforced concrete bridge decks is investigated, using the finite prism method. It is found that flat slab decks and inverted catenary slab decks exhibit satisfactory load distribution properties, but that their thin depth leads to unusually large in-plane shear distortion. Simpler methods of analysis are shown to be adequate for flat slabs, but not for inverted catenary slabs. C.C.K. Wong and Professor A.E. Vardy
The requirements for lateral buckling restraint of I-section beams or purlins by profiled sheeting attached to the top flange are reviewed. Theoretical and simplified methods are presented to determine the effective slenderness of a series of beams as a function of the rigidity of the sheeting acting as a shear diaphragm. These methods have been confirmed by a number of tests on 7 m span beams. Effective lateral restraint requires that the sheeting possesses sufficient strength and stiffness. This is influenced by the spacing of the fasteners at the ends of the sheets and along the sheet seams. For most practical sheeting and beam arrangements, the lateral support produced will be such that the beams may be designed to their full in-plane strength. A method for estimating the shear forces developed in the sheeting is provided, and shear forces may generally be shown to be smaller than those given by Code requirements. R.M. Lawson and D.A. Nethercot