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The paper reviews the worh of Paul Cottancin, a French structural engineer working at the turn of the century. The Cottancin system of reinforced concrete, which is based on the use of woven wire placed in relatively thin concrete sections, is described, us is his use of reinforcement in both brickwork and glass. A list of buildings and structures for which Cottancin acted us engineer is given, and five of these are described in some detail. It is concluded thut greater study of the history of structural engineering by engineers would be unlikely to ,familiarise them with the work of Cottancin; also that, although some of his ideas are highly unusual, the concepts he used regularly (e.g. deep beam action, wall-floor combined action) are less well used today than they could be.
An attempt is made in this paper to summarise the behaviour of a range of shear wall systems, starting from an elementary planar shear wall to a complex arrangement of core systems. Emphasis is placed on the structural interaction that exists between the walls and floor system. Significance of non-uniform torsion theory as applied to open core structures is explained with a practical example problem. A two-step procedure is presented for a comprehensive analysis of complex shear wall buildings; one for evaluating the structural contribution of the out-of-plane stiffness of the floor system and the other for a 3-dimensional analysis in which open core structures are modelled as equivalent columns.
Mr A. Edwards (Higgs & Hill): As a non-member of the Institution I found this paper exceptionally readable and comprehensive, and I would congratulate the authors on giving such a clear picture of the development of the project and of its complexity.