The past 2 decades have seen many changes in the demands made on the construction industry and the ways its work is tackled. Some have been to the benefit of the industry and its clients; some have not. Important among the latter is the erosion of trust and confidence between many clients and their consultants: happily, there are exceptions. A rash of failures, commercial and other pressures, risk aversion, pursuit of cost effectiveness (sometimes with too little regard for quality), have all contributed to increased litigation and, perhaps more importantly, to the threat of litigation, to risk transfer, and to the increased cost of professional indemnity insurance, now temporarily abated.
Professor D. Bishop