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In the early part of this century, when the Institution was founded and later incorporated, the design and construction of buildings was carried out in circumstances very different to those that prevail today. Labour was plentiful, capital was relatively cheap, and materials were relatively expensive. As a profession, our preoccupation then was to develop and produce designs using the minimum amount of material and leaving management to others. This objective is today of relatively less importance, although it does still remain a preoccupation with many structural engineers. J.B. Creer and Ron Marsh
The 1990 examination was attempted by 1004 candidates, an increase of 173 on last year’s candidate figures. The overall pass-rate of 40.3 %, while slightly down on last year's percentage, compares favourably with most recent years. The total number of UK candidates was 688, of whom 303 passed, a passrate of 44 %, slightly down on last year’s performance. The total number of overseas candidates was 316, of whom 102 passed, a pass-rate of 32.3 %, down 5.5 % on last year’s performance. However, there were 41 extra candidates this year, and it is hoped that the overseas candidate figures will continue to grow during the 1990s.
The results of a pilot series of tests, designed to investigate the influence of the presence of a composite floor slab on the performance of steel beam-to-column connections, are reported. Direct comparisons against equivalent bare steel tests show improvements in moment capacity (up to 15 times), with reinforcement anchorage being the main controlling factor. Thus joints to internal columns where the deck runs parallel to the beams and relatively small numbers of bars supplement the basic mesh reinforcement may be expected to give the best performance. J.B. Davison, D. Lam and Professor D.A. Nethercot