Contents page

The Structural Engineer

Mr R. S. Narayanan (F) (S. B. Tietz & Partners) I congratulate Mr Tietz on his substantial paper. It is a good overview of the subject of ‘risk’ and also contains a good dose of his own provocative thoughts.

The Structural Engineer

Dr Lau Yat Sun, the Institution’s International Vice-president, talked to Kathy Stansfield about his career as a structural engineer, training and practising first in the UK but spending most of his working life in his native Kuala Lumpur and Malaysia.

The Structural Engineer

The main focus of this paper is to investigate the applicability of external plate bonding to strengthen in shear reinforced concrete (RC) beams without any internal shear reinforcement. Extensive test data are presented to evaluate the feasibility of the technique when the externally bonded tension plate is made of steel or of glass-fibre-reinforced polymer. A total of 12 beams, 150 x 250mm in cross-section, were tested over an effective span of 2800mm at a shear span-to-efective-depth ratio of 3.0. The influence of various parameters, such as the plate material properties, amount of internal stirrups, lateral confinement of the compression zone, and amount of flexural reinforcement on the effectiveness of external plate bonding, has been critically assessed. The results show that, with properly designed, externally bonded plates in the form of end anchorages, U-shaped strips/stirrups, and confinement plates for the compression zone, it is possible to transform the brittle shear failure of a beam without any shear reinforcement into a ductile flexural failure. It is shown that the conventional RC beam theory can predict very satisfactorily the ultimate failure load of such a strengthened beam failing in flexure. Further research is, however, needed to quantlfy the shear contributions of the various types of bonded plate. Professor R.N. Swamy, P. Mukhopadhyaya and C.J. Lynsdale

The Structural Engineer

Construction Minister Nick Raynsford took time out from his busy schedule to kick the event off. Congratulating the IStructE for producing the guide, he remarked; ‘This is quite an achievement, considering that the document is intended to serve a wide range of interested parties, including the event organisers, venue owners, local authorities, contractors and suppliers of demountable structures. Kathy Stansfield

The Structural Engineer

The Institution’s logo Mr Whitehead comments on this topic: About the logo! First of all, I’ve only just realised from all the hype that there is a slide-rule there at all: I’d always thought that the lion was pulling on chains. So how about changing the rule to chains? After all, we have rope or cable at the bottom, don’t we? Or is that one of those marshmallow things?