Innovative funicular tile vaulting: A prototype vault in Switzerland

Author: Lara Davis, BFA, MArch Research Assistant Matthias Rippmann, Dipl.-Ing. Research Assistant Tom Pawlofsky, MA Research Assistant Philippe Block, BSc, MSc, SMArchS, PhD Assistant Professor (All authors are with the Institute of Technology in Architecture, ETH Zurich)

Date published

26 October 2012

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Innovative funicular tile vaulting: A prototype vault in Switzerland

The Structural Engineer
Innovative funicular tile vaulting: A prototype vault in Switzerland
Date published

26 October 2012

Author

Lara Davis, BFA, MArch Research Assistant Matthias Rippmann, Dipl.-Ing. Research Assistant Tom Pawlofsky, MA Research Assistant Philippe Block, BSc, MSc, SMArchS, PhD Assistant Professor (All authors are with the Institute of Technology in Architecture, ETH Zurich)

Price

Standard: £9 + VAT
Members/Subscribers: Free

Buy Now
Author

Lara Davis, BFA, MArch Research Assistant Matthias Rippmann, Dipl.-Ing. Research Assistant Tom Pawlofsky, MA Research Assistant Philippe Block, BSc, MSc, SMArchS, PhD Assistant Professor (All authors are with the Institute of Technology in Architecture, ETH Zurich)

This paper presents advances in funicular tile vaulting, made possible through innovation in form finding, falsework systems and construction methods. A full-scale prototype has been realised with the application of new research in the following areas: newly developed structural design tools based on Thrust Network Analysis (TNA), which allow one to generate novel shapes for funicular (compression-only) structures; an efficient digitally fabricated cardboard falsework system, which provides accurate description of a complex reference surface in space; and adaptations of traditional tile vaulting techniques, which have introduced strategies for generating continuous tiling patterns, non-uniform vault thickening, and construction sequencing for structural stability. The methods described in this paper, as applied for the design and construction of the prototype vault, have offered new insights to the challenges of new funicular form for masonry and have paved the way for future research and applications.

Additional information

Format:
PDF
Pages:
11
Publisher:
The Institution of Structural Engineers

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Issue 11

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