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In May and June of 1931 a series of tests was carried out by the Masonry Sectional
Committee of the Institution’s Science Committee to determine the effect of Steel Bearing Plates in spreading the reaction load of a beam on to a brick wall. The results, published in The Structural Engineer of February, 1932, and subsequently issued in pamphlet form, showed that the effect of a thin plate was very small, and that, unless plates considerably thicker than those customarily used were provided,
some other substitute for a padstone must be sought, or the load restricted to about
15 tons per sq. ft. of actual bearing area of the joist flange on the wall.
In July, 1927, the Institution of Structural Engineers issued a report entitled "Steelwork for Buildings." Part II of this report deals with Steelwork Connections, which subject is divided into (A) Eccentrically Loaded Rivet Groups, and (B) Connections: Beams to Beams. The main purpose of this report was to assist in the introduction of ,a standard method of calculation and to encourage the use of standard types of connections.
Professor W.G. Sutton
BEFORE opening the steel section of the discussion, I should like to say that I hold no brief for any one water-tight section. To my mind a structural engineer should be able and free to design and construct in any material, according to its suitability for the work in hand.