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Mr. C.J. JACKAMAN (Member of Council) said that the Institution was very greatly indebted to the author of this Paper. He had listened with great appreciation to what the author had said, and it had given rise to a number of questiom in his mind, which he would refrain from asking because there would not be time to answer them. But the author had covered many if not all the most salient features relating to aerodromes. His paragraph headed "A Nationa1 Necessity" was most opportune, as were also his remarks on accessibility.
Sir,-In the discussion on Mr. Gueritte’s illuminating paper, a speaker suggested that quicker hydration of the cement was partly responsible for the increase in strength of vibrated concrete. I think there is a great deal in this suggestion. The formation of colloid round a cement grain hinders the further access of water, and delays hydration. If this colloid could be removed, and fresh water allowed to reach the cement, a more uniform and richer colloidal solution would result, and, finally, a better gel. Increasing the period of mixing does this to some extent, and results in stronger concrete. The extreme rapidity and small magnitude of the motion in vibrating concrete is an infinitely more efficient method of tearing the colloid skin from its parent cement grain, and enabling fresh water to carry on the process of hydration. The formation of a very rich colloidal solution is shown by the quickness with which the concrete jellifies and stiffens enough for forms to be removed. If samples of vibrated andunvibrated concrete were tested shortly after casting, the vibrated concrete would show a very much higher percentage of water held chemically and colloidally, which is one way of expressing a stronger concrete. The reduction of voids does, of course, play its part; but is not responsible for all the increase of strength; and the rich colloidal solution forms a lubricant which facilitates compaction.
THE new building of the University of London, for which Mr. Charles Holden, F.R.I.B.A., of Messrs. Adams, Holden & Pearson, FF.R.I.B.A., is the Architect, and Mr. R. Travers Morgan, M.Inst.C.E., M.I.Mech.E., M.I.Struct.E., the Consulting Structural Engineer, is situated on a lO 1/2 acre site in the Bloomsbury area. The portion at present in course of erection is the Senate House. This is situated at the South end of the site, and faces the British Museum. When completed, the total building will extend to the far end of Torrington Square, that is, the length will be nearly one quarter of a mile. In addition to the Senate House, visitors to the works will be able to inspect the foundations of the Tower, which joins the Senate House on its North side.