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The article describes how simple models, made from balsa wood, paper and cotton, are being used to give students an understanding of the way in which from affects structural behaviour.
The stress energy concept may be used to provide compatibility equations for a structure when force variables are adopted in the analysis even when change of geometry
effects are important. It is thus possible to use stress energy to develop approximate methods of analysing suspension bridges. ln this paper the hanger load distribution is assumed to be a polynomial in the spanwise co-ordinate, which means that in the simplest case the analysis reduces to the well known elastic theory. When three coefficients are used in the polynomial the equations are found to reduce to a particularly convenient form and the resulting accuracy is likely to be adequate for preliminary design studies in certain cases. Some numerical results are given.
Mr. C. D. Lawrence: ‘Fig D1 shows the high pressure die that was used to produce the high-strength cement paste referred to by Mr. Harris. It was found necessary to use a rather elaborate method of releasing the cylindrical compact from the die because the compact was very fragile immediately after pressing; the residual lateral stresses present after removing the axial compacting pressure had to be released uniformly over the whole length of the compact. We have now found that it is possible to release the residual lateral stresses by just pushing the compact out of a coned die but this works only for rather thin compacts. The compressive strengths obtained at different compacting pressures are shown in Fig D2; 32 mm (1.26 in) diameter cylindrical specimens were examined which were pressed dry and then evacuated and flooded with water. Larger specimens are not so readily saturated by this technique but one can press moist paste containing sufficient water to fill the voids after compaction, and get very similar strengths; this latter procedure also avoids the effects of the large initial heat generation which occurs on contact between dry cement and water, i.e. large temperature rises causing cracks to develop.