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’I’ve failed four times now, will I ever pass?’ is a cry not infrequently heard in the Examinations Office shortly after the results are announced. For the majority of the 548 candidates who failed the Part 3 examination this year the question ’why?’ will have been uppermost at some point as they travelled the path from realisation to justification in the days following the opening of the ‘dreaded’ results letter. The spectrum of responsibility for failure ranges from ‘I knew I’d chosen the wrong question as soon as I started! ’ to ‘I’m useless, I’ll never pass!’; whereas the, truth of the matter usually lies somewhere between the two, as illustrated in the examiners’ findings detailed below.
Engineering was first taught as a recognised subject in some British universities from around 1830 onwards. In both University College and King’s College, London, engineering was taught from their foundation (1828 and 1831, respectively), with a ‘Professorship of the Arts of Construction in connection with Civil Engineering’ established at King’s College in 1840 and a professorship in ‘Civil Engineering’ at University College in 1841. A chair of ‘Civil Engineering’ was established at Glasgow University in 1840, and Trinity College Dublin achieved an established chair in 1841. Engineering was also taught at Durham University from its foundation in 1837 and in Queen’s College, Belfast, after 1843, though neither at that time had a professorship. M.R. Horne
The paper examines theproblems of constructing a large river bank retaining wall, in a short time, under difficult tidal conditions. The site problems, alignment of the wall, structural design options considered, reasons for choosing the design solution, and the construction problems, are discussed. J. Howard, W.G. Curtin and L.S. Pope