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In the early part of this century, when the Institution was founded and later incorporated, the design and construction of buildings was carried out in circumstances very different to those that prevail today. Labour was plentiful, capital was relatively cheap, and materials were relatively expensive. As a profession, our preoccupation then was to develop and produce designs using the minimum amount of material and leaving management to others. This objective is today of relatively less importance, although it does still remain a preoccupation with many structural engineers. J.B. Creer and Ron Marsh
During the structural restoration of the Royal Pavilion at Brighton, repairs have been carried out to the stone-clad minarets. Dynamic testing and load testing of the minarets has been carried out, together with a detailed survey of construction, to form a historical record and to help in the assessment of the long-term behaviour of the minarets. In October 1987, winds of hurricane strength caused the temporary scaffold roof to move more than had been allowed for, so that it impacted against the building. The damage was widespread and included damage to several minarets. This paper describes the minarets and how they were damaged, assessed, and repaired. K.R. Midwinter and J. Holden
Steel connections - who should design them? We have had a number of responses to this subject, as raised in our column on 16 October. Mr J. Renshaw, of Sale, Cheshire, strongly endorses some of the points that were made: Mr R. E. Densley has raised a question of great importance which, if not considered in depth, can cause many problems on a contract. Verulam