First published: N/A
Standard: £9 + VAT
An IStructE account gives you access to a world of knowledge. Create a profile to receive details of our unique range of resources, events and training.
Added to basket
IN BRITAIN, clay products and brickwork are among the last materials that the structural engineer would expect to provide exciting news of technical innovations in his field. Brickwork has been the builder’s tried friend for many centuries, on the basis of all-round merits that are not combined to the same degree in any other material, and we tend to assume that our close friends could never surprise us. The structural possibilities of brickwork have been accurately defined in the present century by research into the relation between the strength of brick piers and walls and
that of the bricks and mortar used in their construction. The Building Research Station’s work in this field has dealt almost exclusively with the properties of brickwork built with solid bricks of standard size because few bricks of any other type
are made in Britain.
ALUMINIUM owes its early development as a structural material to the aircraft industry, a field in which the low density of the material is a factor of paramount importance, outweighing its high initial cost. Its applications in other branches of
structural engineering (specialist or experimental at first) began only about twenty five years ago, and progress was slow until the end of the last war when appreciation of the results of wartime research and development and the influence of the post-war shortage of steel led to a new interest in aluminium. During the last ten years an increasing number of light alloy structures have been built and while aluminium has been found to be a true economic solution in several specialist cases, it has been used as an interesting and novel solution in others. Research andevelopment have continued, and today aluminium alloys are available with properties appropriate to structural uses and are obtained in a wide range of sections, plates, sheets, etc.
Within the preceding pages we have traced the history of the Institution from its beginning as the Concrete Institute to the present day. We have shown how the membership of the Institution has grown from a small body of men to one of over eight thousand engineers drawn from all quarters of the globe, how its activities have expanded from the relatively restricted field of concrete to cover all types of structures in all the materials of construction and how, step by step, national and international recognition has been given to the exclusive title of “ Chartered Structural Engineer ” which our Members and Associate-Members are proud to bear.