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The paper describes a method of estimating the elastic critical loads of multi-storey rigid frames unbraced against side-sway. A standard, linear elastic analysis is performed, choosing a defined loading pattern, and the critical load ratio is derived
simply from the maximum sway index occurring in any of the storeys of the frame. The method gives estimates which are on the safe side, but always within 20 per cent of the correct result. This accuracy is shown to be sufficient for practical purposes.
Professor M. R. Horne (F) : Dr. Wood has rendered an enormous service to structural engineers by the publication of this paper. The concept of effective length has been too loose a one as far as most engineers are concerned, and Dr. Wood has shown how powerful and exact a tool it can become. Its use is crucial for the design of column in no-sway frames, and its accurate exploitation for such frames, as opposed to its hitherto empirical application, must surely form the basis for any future design procedures.
Soon British reinforced brickwork design will shift from a permissible stress approach to a limit state approach similar to that already accomplished for reinforced concrete. For the limit state shear design of reinforced brickwork beams, ultimate shear stress values must be defined as a function of the main shear parameters. The main parameters, similar to the case of reinforced concrete beams, were assumed to be the ratio of shear span to effective depth a/d, and the percentage of tensile reinforcement p. Since a review of published evidence provided little systematic data on the influence of a/d and p on reinforced brickwork strength, the authors carried out a systematic experimental investigation involving a/d and p. Results indicate a significant increase in ultimate shear stress with decreasing a/d values similar to the case of reinforced concrete beams, but, in contrast to the case of reinforced concrete beams, a virtual independence of p on ultimate shear stress.
G.T. Suter and A.W. Hendry