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I shall confine myself to fairly obvious generalities when dealing with the subject of housing. But the fact that a generality is obvious does not mean that it is universally
perceived. It is one of the features of British life that the more obvious a generality, the less likely it is to be noticed.
Soon British reinforced brickwork design will shift from a permissible stress approach to a limit state approach similar to that already accomplished for reinforced concrete. For the limit state shear design of reinforced brickwork beams, ultimate shear stress values must be defined as a function of the main shear parameters. The main parameters, similar to the case of reinforced concrete beams, were assumed to be the ratio of shear span to effective depth a/d, and the percentage of tensile reinforcement p. Since a review of published evidence provided little systematic data on the influence of a/d and p on reinforced brickwork strength, the authors carried out a systematic experimental investigation involving a/d and p. Results indicate a significant increase in ultimate shear stress with decreasing a/d values similar to the case of reinforced concrete beams, but, in contrast to the case of reinforced concrete beams, a virtual independence of p on ultimate shear stress.
G.T. Suter and A.W. Hendry
Continuous steel-concrete composite bridges develop longitudinal tensile stresses in their deck slab as a result of differential strains caused by shrinkage. Analytical procedures are described whereby the shrinkage stresses along continuous, non-uniform composite beams can be estimated. The accuracy of these predictions is assessed in relation to the results of a laboratory test on a two-span continuous beam. In addition, existing design recommendations are examined and typical distributions of
stresses in medium span bridges are presented.
A.E. Long and P. Csagoly