Author: The Institution of Structural Engineers
12 January 2013
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The Institution of Structural Engineers
This is the first in the series of Level 2 guides and as such,the reader is assumed to be familiar with the concepts explained in relevant Level 1 Technical Guidance Notes.
(This article was updated in October 2016 to reflect errata issued since its original publication.)
This note describes the concept of biaxial bending in columns of any material, as well as the effect direct bending has on column design.
Base plates are the primary means by which steel-framed structures transmit vertical loads into their foundations.
This note clarifies the term 'simple connection' by explaining its use when designing connections within steel frames. Additionally, guidance on different types of simple connection and the design checks that need to be carried out, is provided.