Author: C. Richardson (AECOM and CARE)
1 April 2015
First published: 1 April 2015
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C. Richardson (AECOM and CARE)
Strut-and-tie modelling is a simple method of modelling complex stress patterns in
reinforced concrete as triangulated models. It is based on the same truss analogy as the design for shear in Eurocode 2 and can be applied to many elements. It is particularly useful where normal beam theory does not apply, i.e. where plane sections do not remain plane, e.g. in deep beams, corbels and pile caps. EC2 provides information about the use of strut-and-tie modelling and this article is an introduction for engineers who want to take advantage of this useful analysis method.
This article is the first of two which will discuss the problem of corrosion of steel
frames behind masonry elevations. It aims to provide an introduction to this form of
construction and to consider the ways in which lack of maintenance can lead to corrosion of the steel frame, before setting out how remedial work should be
This article focuses on the phenomenon of 'bond timbers', which were commonly built into masonry walls from the late 17th to the early 19th century. Guidance is offered to engineers who may encounter these when working on an existing building.